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INFLUENCE OF CHEWING TOBACCO HABITS IN EARLY DENTAL IMPLANT FAILURE: A CASE REPORT
Introduction: Dental implants are generally considered as effective and predictable restorations for the replacement of missing teeth. However, although highly successful consequences and the long-term survival of dental implant treatments are well documented in many studies, implant failures still occur for different reasons. A variety of conditions, including implant design (length, shape or surface texture), patient-related medical risk factors (systemic diseases, radiotherapy, drugs use, smoking), and surgery-related factors (surgeon's experience or surgical design) have been considered to influence the outcome for implant restoration. Case : The purpose of this case report is to present that tobacco chewing habits a risk factor for early implant failure. An 80-year-old male patient was fitted with 14 dental implants in regions 13,14,16,23,24,26,27,32,34,35,36,42,43,45 for full mouth rehabilitation in lower and upper jaw with two step surgery. One month later after implant surgery the patient had complains with infection and pain. After oral and radiographic examination, it was detected that three implants failure in regions 16, 43 and 45. All risk factors evaluated carefully and it was founded that the patient has habits chewing tobacco especially related region. Conclusions: Recognition and be aware of risk factors can reduce the failure rate and increase the predictability of dental implant treatment.